Chicago Slot Machine Company

Bally Manufacturing
IndustryInteractive entertainment
FateAcquired by Hilton
FoundedJanuary 10, 1932; 88 years ago
FounderRaymond Moloney
DefunctDecember 18, 1996; 23 years ago
slot machines
later expanded into casinos, video games, health clubs, and theme parks
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Bally Manufacturing, later renamed Bally Entertainment, was an American company that began as a pinball and slot machine manufacturer, and later expanded into casinos, video games, health clubs, and theme parks. It was acquired by Hilton Hotels in 1996. Its brand name is still used by several businesses with some trademark rights, most notably Bally Technologies and Bally's Corporation.


The Bally Manufacturing Corporation was founded by Raymond Moloney on January 10, 1932, when Bally's original parent, Lion Manufacturing, established the company to make pinball games. The company took its name from its first game, Ballyhoo. The company, based in Chicago, quickly became a leading maker of the games. In the late 1930s, Moloney began making gambling equipment, and had great success developing and improving the mechanical slot machines that were the core of the nascent gaming industry. After manufacturing munitions and airplane parts during World War II, Bally Manufacturing Corporation continued to produce innovations in flipperless pinball machines, bingo machines, payout machines and console slot machines through the late 1950s. They also designed and manufactured vending machines and established a coffee vending service. The company made a brief venture into the music business with their own record label, Bally Records.[1]

Moloney died in 1958, and the company floundered briefly. With the financial failure of its parent company, Bally was bought out by a group of investors in 1963. Throughout the 1960s, Bally continued to dominate the slot machine industry, cornering over 90% of the worldwide market by the end of the decade. In 1964, Bally introduced the first electromechanical slot machine in 1963, called the 'Money Honey.', Bally became a publicly traded company and made several acquisitions, including German company Guenter Wulff-Apparatebau (renamed Bally Wulff) and Midway Manufacturing, an amusement game company from Schiller Park, Illinois.

The 1970s[edit]

In the late 1970s, Bally entered the casino business when New Jersey legalized gambling in Atlantic City. This effort moved forward even though the company was temporarily unable to attain a permanent license for the completed casino. During this period, company head William T. O'Donnell was forced to resign because of alleged links to organized crime. Prior to this, O'Donnell strenuously denied any such links.[2] For example, when questioned at the Moffitt Royal Commission (the NSW Clubs Royal Commission) - an investigation held New South Wales, Australia - on alleged criminal activities with US and Australian criminals, he admitted that Genovese Mafia boss, Jerry Catena (Gerardo Catena), once owned shares in the business, 'but I bought him out.'[2] He also denied knowing Chicago mobster, Joseph Dan Testa, even though Australian Police described Testa 'as a representative of Bally who visited Australia.'[2]

The company opened the Park Place Casino & Hotel on December 29, 1979.[3][4] Also in the late 1970s, Bally made an entry into the growing market for home computer games. The Bally Professional Arcade, as the machine was called, had advanced features for the time. These included a palette of 256 colors and the ability to play 4-voice music. The machine also shipped with a cartridge that allowed users to do a limited amount of programming on the machine themselves (using the BASIC language), and record their creations on cassette tape. The machine's price point was above the Atari 2600 (its major competitor), and it had a much more limited set of available games. Despite a loyal following, it failed to compete successfully. During the 1970s and early 1980s, Midway became a primary source of income for Bally as it became an early arcade video game maker and obtained the licenses for three of the most popular video games of all time: Space Invaders, Pac-Man and Ms. Pac-Man.[3]

This means when you make a deposit and receive some kind of bonus, you can actually keep those bonus dollars once you’ve satisfied any wagering requirements. /cafe-online-casino-no-deposit-codes.html.

The 1980s[edit]

By the mid-1980s, the company again had a strong balance sheet and began buying other businesses including the Six Flags amusement park chain in 1983, and the Health and Tennis Corporation of America. The health club division, under 'Bally Total Fitness', grew during the 1980s and 1990s. The company also purchased several casinos, including the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino on the Las Vegas Strip (which was subsequently re-branded as Bally's Las Vegas), The MGM Grand Reno (Reno, Nevada) and the Golden Nugget Atlantic City which was branded Bally's Grand and then later 'The Grand-A Bally's Casino Resort'. This expansion quickly took its toll on the company's finances, and Bally was soon forced to sell off several divisions, including Six Flags and Bally-Midway. The pinball division, along with Midway, was acquired by Williams Electronics in 1988.

The 1990s[edit]

In 1990, Bally came under new management as its largest shareholder, Arthur Goldberg, was appointed chairman and began a restructuring process.[5] By 1993, the company had sold off several divisions and used the proceeds to pay down debts, including the slot machine division (which became Bally Gaming International, an independent company); Scientific Games, a maker of lottery equipment; Bally's Reno; and exercise equipment maker Life Fitness.[6] The Aladdin's Castle chain of video arcades was sold that year to Namco, and was renamed as Namco Cybertainment.

The company opened Bally's Saloon & Gambling Hall, a riverboat casino in Mhoon Landing, Mississippi in December 1993.[7][8] It was moved to Robinsonville in 1995 and became part of a joint venture with Lady Luck Gaming.[9]

In 1994, the company changed its name to Bally Entertainment, to reflect its focus on the casino business and the fact that it no longer had any manufacturing operations.[10][11] It also announced that the health club business would be spun off to shareholders, to further narrow Bally's focus on casinos.[11] The spin-off was completed in January 1996, with Bally Total Fitness becoming a separate company.[12][13]

In May 1995, Bally Entertainment announced plans to develop Paris Las Vegas, a new casino hotel next to Bally's Las Vegas. The project would eventually begin construction in 1997 and open in 1999 at an estimated cost of $760 million.

In June 1996, Bally agreed to be acquired by Hilton Hotels Corporation.[14] The sale was completed on December 18, 1996, with Hilton paying $3 billion ($2 billion in stock plus $1 billion in assumed debt).[15] Later, Hilton's casino division, including the former Bally properties, was spun off as Park Place Entertainment (later Caesars Entertainment, Inc.), which was acquired in 2005 by Harrah's Entertainment (later Caesars Entertainment Corp.).

The name[edit]

Many casinos and businesses worldwide took on the Bally name and logo in the maze of ownership, division spin-offs and licensing agreements.

Midway, and—after buying Midway—Williams, continued to use the Bally name for its pinball games, until WMS Industries (the parent company of Williams) ceased pinball production in 1999. On March 31, 2005, WMS Industries struck a deal with Australian company The Pinball Factory to give them a license for the intellectual properties and the rights to re-manufacture former Bally/Williams games in the field of mechanical pinball. In addition, The Pinball Factory also has bought the right to manufacture new games using the company's new hardware system under the Bally brand.

Alliance Gaming, which had bought Bally Gaming International in 1995, changed its name to Bally Technologies. Bally Total Fitness, gambling distributor Bally France, and arcade distributor Bally Pond still use the same 'Bally' logo though any formal business relationships, as of June 2007, are coincidental. The rights to use the name for casinos were sold by Caesars in 2020 to Twin River Worldwide Holdings, which then changed its own name to Bally's Corporation and said that it would rename most of its properties under the Bally's brand.[16]

The name is was mentioned in the song, 'Pinball Wizard' in the rock operaTommy and its soundtrack.

Pinball machines using the Bally brand[edit]

Select machines developed by Bally or Bally-Midway[edit]

  • Amigo (1974)
  • Ballyhoo (flipperless) (1932)
  • Bally Baby (slot machine) (1932)
  • Ballyhoo (flippers) (1947)
  • Baby Pac-Man (1982)
  • Blackwater 100 (1988)
  • BMX (1982)
  • Boomerang (1974)
  • Bow and Arrow (1974)
  • Capersville (1967)
  • Captain Fantastic and The Brown Dirt Cowboy (1976)
  • Centaur (1981) & Centaur II (1983)
  • Cybernaut (1985)
  • Dixieland (1968)
  • Dogies (1968)
  • Dungeons & Dragons (1987)
  • Eight Ball (1977)
  • Eight Ball Deluxe (1981)
  • Embryon (1981)
  • Evel Knievel (1977)
  • Fathom (1981)
  • Flash Gordon (1981)
  • Fireball (1972)
  • Fireball II (1981)
  • Freedom (1976)
  • Four Million B.C. (1971)
  • Frontier (1980)
  • Future Spa (1979)
  • Gator (1969)
  • Hi-Lo Ace (1973)
  • Hokus Pokus (1975)
  • KISS (1979)
  • Lady Luck (1986)
  • Lost World (1978)
  • Mata Hari (1977)
  • Monte Carlo (1973)
  • Night Rider' (1977)
  • Nip-It (1972)
  • Nitro Ground Shaker (1978)
  • Odds and Evens (1973)
  • On Beam (1968)
  • Mr. & Mrs. Pac-Man (1982)
  • Paragon (1979)
  • Playboy (1978)
  • Power Play (1977)
  • Shoot-A-Line (1962)
  • Sky Divers (1964)
  • Strange Science (1986)
  • Strikes and Spares (1978)
  • The Six Million Dollar Man (1978)
  • Vector (1982)
  • Wizard! (1975)
  • Xenon (1980)

Developed by Midway[edit]

  • The Addams Family (1992)
  • Attack from Mars (1995)
  • Black Rose (1992)
  • Cactus Canyon (1998)
  • The Champion Pub (1998)
  • Cirqus Voltaire (1997)
  • Corvette (1994)
  • Creature from the Black Lagoon (1992)
  • Doctor Who (1992)
  • Dr. Dude and His Excellent Ray (1990)
  • Eight Ball Champ (1985)
  • Gilligans Island (1991)
  • Harley-Davidson (1991)
  • Indianapolis 500 (1995)
  • Judge Dredd (1993)
  • NBA Fastbreak (1997)
  • The Party Zone (1991)
  • Popeye Saves the Earth (1994)
  • Radical! (1990)
  • Revenge from Mars (1999)
  • Safe Cracker (1996)
  • Scared Stiff (1996)
  • The Shadow (1994)
  • Theatre of Magic (1995)
  • Twilight Zone (1993)
  • Who Dunnit (1995)
  • World Cup Soccer (1994)

Developed by The Pinball Factory[edit]

The Crocodile Hunter Outback Adventure based on the wildlife documentary television series The Crocodile Hunter was in development by Australian pinball manufacturer The Pinball Factory under license from Bally. It was abandoned at the end of 2007 due to the death of the main character of the game, Steve Irwin, and never went into production.[17]

Slot machines[edit]

  • Money Honey (1964)
  • Big Top (1982)
  • Jackpot Riot (1993)
  • Blazing 7s (1993)



  1. ^'Bally Records'.
  2. ^ abc'Bally chief denies links with mafia'. The Age. 18 September 1973. Retrieved 8 October 2018 – via Google News.
  3. ^ abChristian Marfels; 2007, Bally: The World's Game Maker, 2nd ed., Bally Technologies Inc., Las Vegas ISBN978-1-4243-3207-6
  4. ^'Bally Manufacturing Corp'. Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
  5. ^P.J. Bednarski (November 13, 1990). 'Top exec quits as Bally revamps'. Chicago Sun-Times – via NewsBank.
  6. ^Debra Dowling (December 19, 1993). 'Goldberg whips Bally Gaming into shape'. The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ – via NewsBank.
  7. ^Laurel Campbell (December 7, 1993). 'Adjacent casinos open in Tunica'. The Commercial Appeal. Memphis, TN – via NewsBank.
  8. ^'Bally's licensed to open in Tunica'. The Commercial Appeal. Memphis, TN. AP. December 4, 1993 – via NewsBank.
  9. ^Michelle Hillier (December 22, 1995). 'Bally's rolls upriver, reopens casino closer to Memphis crowds'. Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Little Rock, AR – via NewsBank.
  10. ^Scott Ritter (March 18, 1994). 'Options help CEO's earnings'. The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ – via NewsBank.
  11. ^ abDavid Dishneau (May 18, 1994). 'Bally gambling its games will outperform its gyms'. Akron Beacon Journal. AP – via NewsBank.
  12. ^'Bally spin-off final'. Chicago Sun-Times. January 10, 1996 – via NewsBank.
  13. ^Debra Dowling (September 19, 1995). 'Bally Entertainment pushing out its network of push-up centers'. The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ – via NewsBank.
  14. ^Barry Meier (June 7, 1996). 'Hilton Hotels to buy Bally Entertainment for more than $2 billion'. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  15. ^Joe Weinert (December 19, 1996). 'Hilton and Bally close deal'. The Press of Atlantic City – via NewsBank.
  16. ^'Twin River Worldwide Holdings to become Bally's Corporation'. Delaware Business Times. October 29, 2020. Retrieved 2020-11-11.
  17. ^'Internet Pinball Machine Database: The Pinball Factory 'The Crocodile Hunter Outback Adventure''.
  • Galecki, Irek (2006), Slot Machines History, Online Casino Press, archived from the original on September 17, 2012, retrieved 2007-06-25
  • Wilson, Mark R. (2005), 'Bally Manufacturing Corp.', Encyclopedia of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Historical Society, retrieved 2007-06-27
  • Lawlor, Pat (1992), 'The Addams Family', Pinball Hall of Fame, Internet Pinball Database, retrieved 2007-06-25
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Chicago Slot Game Review

The 20s of the previous century in USA were quite memorable as a historical period. Artists love this age: the producers are filming movies about this time, authors are writing books, casino software developers are creating slots devoted to this legendary and tough time.

The history of 20s

After the first World War the world was enjoying its normal peaceful life. No one expected for Great Depression and World War II to happen. USA was dominating in the financial sphere, and the business was blooming in the big cities, though there were problems like criminal and criminal wars. At the beginning of the age, Chicago was making the whole America shiver due to the big number of criminal groups; and this time was depicted in different books, movies and videogames.

In the end of the 19th century a lot of Italians came to USA. They brought both cuisine and mafia into America. Many of famous mafia families’ members came to USA and started their own criminal groups.

Chicago Outfit

Italians were making business, opening underground casinos and totalizators, committing various frauds. Al Capone lived in the Chicago, though he wasn’t the biggest mafia boss in USA. One more legendary criminal group of that time was the Chicago Outfit with Toby Accardo as a leader.

Johnny Torrio was also a part of this syndicate, and even though Al Capone became way more famous than he did, Torrio put forth the idea of the National Crime Syndicate.


In 20s Chicago Outfit was well-known for its being sanguinary and causing violence on a large scale. In 1926 the number of their victims was about 75 — and that’s in one year! It still stays the most large and powerful mafia groups of USA; the only group to compete with it is was the Genovese crime family.

Chicago slot

The Chicago slot, made by Novomatic, is devoted to the time period and city described above. The developer broke a lot of stereotypes with this slot, leaving its usual character for something new and original. Novomatic made quite an interesting slot that can surprise anyone who plays it, while following its old traditions in some ways. Chicago shows that its author can keep the pace while competing with new world-wide brands, who are wasting a lot of resources for deluxe graphics and accurate detailing of numerous games.

Chicago Slot Machine Company Inc

This slot contains a lot of references: for example, symbol with fat and impudent Mafioso with a cigar refers to Al Capone. Sad femme fatale is a reference for Chicago Outfit and its business. Also there are detectives and policemen, who were trying to defeat the bad guys and make Chicago at least a little bit more safe. Bonus game has symbols with alcohol bottles, and those are referencing the times of bootlegging, which was popular in Chicago among other kinds of criminal activities.


Chicago is a video slot with 5 wheels, which also has:

  • 20 pay lines; user can activate from 1 to 20 of them
  • Scatter symbol
  • Wild symbol
  • Bonus game
  • Risk game, traditional for Novomatic
  • Additional multipliers
  • Free spins
  • Autoplay mode

Maximal payment can be multiplied by 10 000, which atones the absence of progressive jackpot.

Return index of this slot is equal to 95,03%. All of Novomatic’s popular slots have the cashback range of 94-97%, which means that the player gets back from 94% to 97% of credits, coins or any other currency wasted on deposit.

The interface of Chicago slot machine

Game screen has 5 wheels with the Chicago skyscrapers on the background; those depict characters of classical noir movies:

  • Mafioso with a cigar
  • Detective with a star and a gun
  • Femme fatale with a cigarette in the mouthpiece
  • Police Constable
  • Paperboy

Aside from those symbols, there are:

  • Wild symbol: the icon with Chicago skyscrapers and text saying Chicago
  • Scatter, that depicts a typical Cadillac made in the beginning of 20th century.
  • Card symbols from 9 to ace.

All symbols are drawn in noir stylistic, in greyish-brownish colours. Font, bullet holes from Thompson’s submachine gun – everything speaks of the atmosphere of that time.

To the left and to the right of the wheels there are two rows of numbers, depicting the paying lines.

Down below there are few separate windows for:

  • Balance – how much money does the player have. Free version of slot offers to input the 500 credits.
  • Choose the bet – phrase
  • The size of the last win.
  • Buttons for game regulation.

Under those windows there are buttons for regulating the gaming process:

  • Autoplay – the button of the automatic game mode. It allows to start spinning the wheels without having to press the Spin button each time. During the automatic spins this button turns into Stop, to stop the autoplay.
  • Table – one can see the value of the symbols in there.
  • Number of lines — by pressing „+“ and „-“ one can regulate the number of active lines.
  • Bet per line size — the amount of credits placed as a bet for one line; can also be edited by pressing „+“ and „-“
  • A window with summary bet pet spin
  • Double up-button, which is activated after each successful combination;
  • Spin-button is for starting a spin

You can play this slot both for free and for money. It is also available in the mobile versions of the online casinos.

To get a payment for the combination it is necessary for several identical symbols to appear on the wheels from left to right on the active line. It takes at least 2 symbols to make a combination. A win is being counted as a bet multiplied by the combination index (up to 10 000)

You can also increase your win by pressing the double up button. By pressing it you will open the mini-game, where you have to guess the colour of the card. It is a traditional bonus game for all Novomatic slots. The right answer doubles up the prize. Maximal win is up for the online casino of this slot to decide.

Symbols’ value

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All symbols of the Chicago slot are giving a certain prize according to the coefficients from the payment table.

The biggest multiplier is a Wild symbol, which replaces all other ones, except for scatter. It depicts the skyscrapers with the caption saying „Chicago“.

  • 5 of those symbols are giving a x200 multiplier.
  • 4 — x50
  • 3 — x5
  • 2 — x0,20

Next two symbols, having the same multiplier and taking the next place in terms of value after the Wild symbol, are the icons with mafioso and the detective.

  • 5 of them are giving the x40 multiplier;
  • 4 — x10
  • 3 — x2

The scatter symbol gives player 12 free spins, and also gives some special multiplier:

  • 5 — x40
  • 4 — x8
  • 3 — x2
  • 2 — x0,80

Femme fatale:

  • 5 — x20
  • 4 — x4
  • 3 — x0,60

The lowest multipliers of the human symbols are given by constable and paperboy.

  • 5 — x10
  • 4 — x2
  • 3 — x0,40

The aces and kings are giving next multipliers:

  • 5 — x5
  • 4 — x2
  • 3 — x0,20

And the symbols from queen to 9:

  • 5 — x2
  • 4 — x0,40
  • 3 — x0,10

Bonus games

The only bonus game of Chicago is given by three or more scatters on the active lines: they start the bonus free spins. While 12 free spins are taking place, it is the casino deciding what bets to make, not the player. During each win there are bottles with 1x, 2x, 3x, 5x, 10x multipliers appearing above the reeland. The last of them determines what multiplier the user gets. If the scatter combination appears again, the round extends.

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Strategies for the Chicago slot machine

There are many strategies for playing on slot machines. Some of them are promising you 100%-guaranteed win, and you should not trust them. There is no strategies for getting a guaranteed win on the slots.
Slots are based on the random number generator, so the winning combinations are generated randomly, and one cannot calculate a cycle or an algorithm of those: it just won’t work.

Mills Novelty Company Chicago Slot Machine

Nonetheless, there are some advices for a game, that allow one to have fun with slots, win at least something, and, which is more important, don’t lose more money than the player can spend.

Best Time To Play Slot Machines

Game advices

Chicago Slot Machine Company Stock

  1. When choosing a slot, read the reviews on it, those that have characteristics of this slot described in details. Those reviews should have information about coefficients, win multipliers, bonus games, different symbols of this slot. It will help you to understand what this slot can offer to you, and it becomes easier to decide if you want to play it, or not.
  2. It’s better to play the free version first, to see the gameplay, the way the winnings are being payer, the cash transferring.
  3. Decide about the sum that you can spend without regretting it (so called bankroll). The size of it should stay the same, no matter if you’re winning or losing. Do not try refilling your balance to try and get some luck, it mostly ends up with losing a lot.
  4. While playing the free version, decide, what game mode suits you the best. Determine the optimal number of lines, the bet size. The size of a bet should be in the range that allows you to make as many spins as possible.
  5. Decide about the minimal winning sum. But stay reasonable. Of course you can play until you’ll get a jackpot, but one has to have quite a lot of money to do so. After reaching the planning sum one should either stop, or lower the bets.
  6. Slot machines have a certain Return-To-Player coefficient, and it can’t be bigger than 98%. You should try and look for the slot with bigger RTP when searching for a slot to play. It will increase your chances to win at least something, and lower the chances of losing a lot.
  7. You still will lose money, but if you follow those advices, those will be planned, so you won’t stop feeling the joy of playing.

    Slot machine myths

    In the slot machines’ world, just like in any other sphere of human activity, there are some myths. They are mostly groundless, but sometimes people are taking them for facts. There is a list of most famous ones down below:

    1. You can only win if your bet is small, the computer blocks the big wins. It isn’t true. The computer, of course, distinguishes the size of different bets, but it works on the RNG principle, so it cannot change the result, no matter how big is the bet.
    2. Any slot works following a certain algorithm. All online slots have a payment table, where one can see the size of multipliers. The game screen has the information of the bet per line and the summary bet. After a win the slot shows the sum of the win. So, by paying attention to the payments’ table and gaming process, you can determine the optimal bet size. The bigger it is the bigger is the win. But consider your deposit when raising the bet.

    3. By placing the bets by a certain scheme, you can win a prize.
    4. The truth is, there are some strategies that work in cards’ and other games, but not in the online and offline slots, because they are working on the RNG principle. You can’t change the way the slot was programmed.

      Any scheme can work only in terms of bet’s proportions. For example, lowering the bets after losing and increasing after winning. The thing is that you’re risking the money you’ve already won and lowering your losses.

    5. Playing online is more profitable than offline. It’s not true, because all slots are based on the same RNG, so there is no difference where to play.


    Comparing to other slot machines made by Austrians, this slot stays as the most non-standard one. You can’t really compare in to the NetEnt’s slots, because it’s made according to the Novomatic’s schematic patterns; nonetheless, the Chicago slot has its own interesting charm, which brings a pleasant variety in the lines of monotonous fruit-machines.